Clues for: The Body Human

Question Answer Value Airdate
When you're cold or frightened, your arrector pili muscles make this "stand on end" your hair 200 May 28, 2018
Special cells called gustatory receptors are responsible for your sense of this taste 400 May 28, 2018
(Jimmy of the Clue Crew shows a diagram of the human body.) It takes three main muscles to raise the arm above the head: first, the superspinatus; next, the deltoid to about 90 degrees & finally, this large, flat, triangular muscle of the upper back the trapezius 600 May 28, 2018
This pancake-shaped temporary organ in pregnant women supplies the fetus with food & oxygen the placenta 800 May 28, 2018
Seen here is an animation of this wave-like muscular motion that pushes food through the esophagus peristalsis 1000 May 28, 2018
(Sarah of the Clue Crew holds a spinal column model at Sawbones.) The model of the spine can demonstrate to patients conditions like scoliosis & kyphosis, the forward curvature known to laymen as this hunchback 200 October 23, 2009
(Kelly of the Clue Crew holds a skeletal arm model at Sawbones.) This model presents with a fracture of the radius bone in the forearm, which studies find is most common in this season, as people try to break their falls winter 400 October 23, 2009
(Sarah of the Clue Crew holds a skeletal armbone model at Sawbones.) For medical education, Sawbones makes bone models pre-fractured in common patterns; this fracture, where two cracks form a triangle, results from bending & is named for this insect butterfly 600 October 23, 2009
(Kelly of the Clue Crew shows some models of the knee joint at Sawbones.) The model of the knee is used for arthroscopic procedures, such as the common tearing of the cruciate these that can result from hyperextension ligaments 800 October 23, 2009
(Sarah of the Clue Crew shows a skinned model of the head and neck at Sawbones.) The head and neck model is used to train for procedures like this one, the opening of the windpipe that's sometimes done in emergency situations a tracheotomy 1000 October 23, 2009
These minute blood vessels connect arteries & veins capillaries 200 October 30, 2006
Bile, which breaks up large molecules of fatty foods, is made by this organ & stored in the gallbladder the liver 400 October 30, 2006
Funny, but the name of this bone is Latin for "upper arm" humerus 600 October 30, 2006
In the Middle Ages, this word referred not only to the finger joints but to the knee as well knuckles 800 October 30, 2006
The sticky alkaline mucus on your stomach's wall is there to protect it from this corrosive acid hydrochloric acid 1000 October 30, 2006
Many creams on the market claim to lessen these lumpy fat deposits, especially in the thighs cellulite 200 January 5, 2006
In childbirth a hormone called prolactin stimulates milk production by these glands the mammary 400 January 5, 2006
The heart has 4 chambers: 2 atria & 2 of these lower chambers ventricles 600 January 5, 2006
When you eat, the hard one of these helps crush food & the soft one closes off the nasal opening during swallowing the palate 800 January 5, 2006
Produced mainly at night & causing drowsiness, it was the first hormone to be isolated from the pineal gland melatonin 1000 January 5, 2006
The sartorius, which flexes the thigh, is the body's longest one of these muscle 200 November 19, 2004
World Book describes this organ as a "grayish-pink jellylike ball with many ridges and grooves" brain 400 November 19, 2004
It's the area of hardened skin at the base & sides of your fingernails, or a protective outer layer of a hair cuticle 600 November 19, 2004
This substance that covers the tooth is the hardest tissue in the body enamel 800 November 19, 2004
As well as red & white blood cells you have these disk-like cells, aka thrombocytes, to help blood clot platelets 1000 November 19, 2004
Your taste buds help you distinguish between salty & bitter, & these 2 opposites sweet & sour 200 February 10, 2004
It's reddish-brown, weighs about 3 pounds & is the body's largest internal organ the liver 400 February 10, 2004
It's the thin, sticky film that forms on teeth, or a deposit of fatty material in the linings of arteries plaque 600 February 10, 2004
Use your head & tell us it's the part of the skull, made up of 8 bones, that encloses the brain the cranium 1000 February 10, 2004
As opposed to ball-&-socket, your knee is this type of joint moving backwards & forwards hinge joint February 10, 2004
The tricuspid valve in this organ keeps blood in the right ventricle from flowing back into the right atrium the heart 200 September 24, 2003
The thick, triangular deltoid muscle, which allows the arm to be raised, covers this joint the shoulder 400 September 24, 2003
The lower leg consists of 2 bones: the tibia & this slightly smaller one fibula 800 September 24, 2003
In addition to producing insulin, this organ produces digestive juices used to break down food the pancreas 1000 September 24, 2003
A dilator muscle enlarges this part of the eye to allow more light in the pupil September 24, 2003
These body parts are sensitive enough to feel points 1/10 of an inch apart, so reading Braille is a snap fingertips 200 January 15, 2003
In one theory, camphoraceous, ethereal & putrid are 3 of the 7 primary ones of these smells/odors 400 January 15, 2003
Joint at which the humerus, radius & ulna meet elbow 600 January 15, 2003
The part of your brain that controls balance & coordination; by age 2 it's almost fully grown cerebellum 800 January 15, 2003
1 of the 3 types of muscle, it has a built-in contraction rate of 60-70 times a minute cardiac muscle January 15, 2003
Of 106, 206 or 306, the number of bones an average adult has 206 100 March 28, 2001
One of the main functions of this organ pair is to filter out waste from the blood Kidneys 200 March 28, 2001
Heartburn has nothing to do with the heart; it's caused by acid from the stomach rising back into this tube Esophagus 300 March 28, 2001
By puberty these 2 small growths of lymphoid tissue above the tonsils usually disappear Adenoids 400 March 28, 2001
Hardening of these main arteries of the head & neck can lead to a stroke Carotid arteries 500 March 28, 2001
The auricle is the fleshy outer portion of this organ Ear 100 January 5, 2001
Also called the voice box, it's larger in men than in women Larynx 200 January 5, 2001
Estradiol is the strongest form of these female hormones Estrogens 300 January 5, 2001
The longest muscle in a human, the sartorius is flat & narrow & lies within this part of the body Thigh/leg 400 January 5, 2001
Ligaments in the elbow connect the radius & the ulna to this bone Humerus 500 January 5, 2001
Oddly, the "small" one of these is over 15 feet longer than the "large" one Intestine 100 May 3, 1999
It's the medical name for the thighbone, the longest bone in the body Femur 200 May 3, 1999
Your renal arteries are so named because they carry blood to these organs Kidneys 300 May 3, 1999
Your spine ends at this tailbone, formed by 4 fused vertebrae Coccyx 500 May 3, 1999
Take a breath & name this chief muscle used in normal shallow breathing Diaphragm May 3, 1999
During swallowing, your epiglottis prevents food from entering this air tube Trachea 100 December 15, 1998
After childbirth, a hormone called prolactin stimulates the production of this Milk 200 December 15, 1998
Blood is carried to & from the head by the carotid arteries & these principal neck veins Jugular veins 300 December 15, 1998
Drumroll please....the eardrum is also known as this membrane Tympannic membrane 400 December 15, 1998
While the elbows are hinge joints, the shoulders & hips are this type Ball and socket 500 December 15, 1998
If you're suddenly frightened, chances are this hormone will quickly be released Adrenaline/Epinephrine 100 December 8, 1998
This pancreatic hormone is produced in specialized cells in the islets of Langerhans insulin 200 December 8, 1998
These organs have a transparent membrane called the conjunctiva covering the front of them Eyes 400 December 8, 1998
Ptyalin is an enzyme in this body fluid that helps break down starches Saliva 500 December 8, 1998
This joint consists of 8 carpal bones Wrist December 8, 1998
A person suffering from dysphagia has trouble doing this... gulp! swallowing 100 February 5, 1998
Dedentition is just the loss of these; an odontectomy removes them teeth 200 February 5, 1998
Several disorders that affect this organ are grouped under the term strabismus the eye 300 February 5, 1998
Tom Brokaw's Broca's area is in this organ; so is yours the brain (helps covering speech) 500 February 5, 1998
The stapedius in the middle ear is one of these that moves the stapes a muscle February 5, 1998
Vibrissae are the short stiff hairs that line this organ of smell Nose 100 July 7, 1997
When a woman is born, these reproductive organs contain about 2 million potential eggs Ovaries 200 July 7, 1997
Melatonin is secreted by this gland named for its resemblance to a pine cone Pineal gland 300 July 7, 1997
Hypoglycemia occurs when this organ secretes too much insulin Pancreas 400 July 7, 1997
Prone to inflammation, this clear membrane covers the front of the eyeball & lines the eyelids the conjunctiva 500 July 7, 1997
This gland located at the front of the neck controls metabolic activity thyroid 100 October 15, 1996
The visceral pleurae are thin, tough membranes that cover the outer surface of these organs lungs 200 October 15, 1996
The small intestine includes the jejunum, the ileum & this horseshoe-shaped section duodenum 300 October 15, 1996
This lowest part of the brain stem helps regulate the digestive process, among other functions medulla 400 October 15, 1996
The shoulder joint is formed by the scapula, the clavicle & this upper arm bone humerus 500 October 15, 1996
This part of the large intestine is divided into ascending, transverse, descending & sigmoid sections colon 100 June 13, 1996
These 3-headed muscles on the back of the upper arms straighten the elbow triceps 200 June 13, 1996
Goiters develop when this gland becomes too active or not active enough thyroid 300 June 13, 1996
Melanin in this colorful part of the eye absorbs strong light that might blur the vision iris 400 June 13, 1996
This liver disease occurs when healthy liver cells are replaced by scar tissue cirrhosis 500 June 13, 1996
Abbreviated TB, this disease is characterized by lesions in the lung tissue Tuberculosis 100 April 4, 1996
The human body contains many of these: some are hinge, some are saddle, some are pivot types Joints 200 April 4, 1996
Blood leaves the heart from ventricles & enters the heart through these chambers Atria 300 April 4, 1996
This vitamin produced when the skin is exposed to sunlight is toxic in excess Vitamin D 400 April 4, 1996
These corpuscles are named for their shape rather than for their color Platelets 500 April 4, 1996
This disk-shaped organ in a pregnant woman provides the baby with food & oxygen placenta 100 December 11, 1995
Part of the body in which you'd find the pectoralis major muscle the chest 200 December 11, 1995
Most of the 19 major muscles attached to these 2 forearm bones move the wrist & fingers the ulna & the radius 300 December 11, 1995
The lower end of this 4 1/2-inch tube divides into 2 bronchi the trachea 400 December 11, 1995
The chief storage areas for iron in the body are the bone marrow, the spleen & this organ the liver December 11, 1995
There are 9 cartilages in the larynx, & the largest of them forms this bulge the Adam\'s apple 100 November 23, 1995
The dilator muscle enlarges this part of the eye while the sphincter muscle makes it smaller the pupil 200 November 23, 1995
In a single red blood cell, there are more than 300 million molecules of this iron-rich pigment hemoglobin 300 November 23, 1995
At the hip joint, this thighbone joins the pelvis the femur 400 November 23, 1995
The pia mater is the innermost membrane that covers the brain, & this is the outermost layer the dura mater 500 November 23, 1995
Scientist Wilhelm Johannsen first used this term for the units of heredity a gene 100 May 24, 1995
This muscle is the chief mechanism for inhalation & exhalation the diaphragm 200 May 24, 1995
The name of this muscle on the back of the arm is Latin for "three-headed" the triceps 300 May 24, 1995
In the body, the total length of these smallest blood vessels is estimated at more than F 60,000 miles capillaries 400 May 24, 1995
Insulin is produced by beta cells in the islets of Langerhans in this organ the pancreas 500 May 24, 1995
This nerve consisting of about a million fibers connects the eyeball to the brain Optic Nerve 100 December 1, 1993
The body's cell metabolism is controlled by hormones from this gland in the front of the neck Thyroid Gland 200 December 1, 1993
The brachii in the arm and the femorus in the thigh are examples of these two-headed muscles Biceps 300 December 1, 1993
If this organ secretes too much insulin, hypoglycemia can occur Pancreas 400 December 1, 1993
Shaped like a bishop's hat, the valve between the heart's left ventricle & left atrium is called this the mitral valve 500 December 1, 1993
The name of this part of the skull that encloses the brain is Greek for "skull" the cranium 100 October 26, 1993
Resembling a worm, this slender tube attached to the cecum probably has no function in humans the appendix 200 October 26, 1993
The soleus & tibialis posterior muscles are found in this part of the body the leg 300 October 26, 1993
The adrenal glands lie atop this pair of organs the kidneys 400 October 26, 1993
This organ metabolizes carbohydrates the liver October 26, 1993
These smallest blood-carrying tubes in the body link arteries to veins capillaries 100 November 10, 1988
To prevent rejection of transplanted organs, doctors suppress these blood cells lymphocytes (or white blood cells) 200 November 10, 1988
Though associated with ill temper, this organ actually produces antibodies the spleen 300 November 10, 1988
The integumentary system is another term for this, the body's largest organ the skin 400 November 10, 1988
The scientific name for the shinbone the tibia 500 November 10, 1988
Over 400 of these account for about 40% of your body's weight, more perhaps for Arnold Schwarzenegger muscles 100 November 4, 1988
Nails grow from this top layer of skin the epidermis 200 November 4, 1988
Heartburn is not a burning sensation in the heart but in this tube the esophagus 300 November 4, 1988
The anatomical name for the voice box the larynx 400 November 4, 1988
This hormone causes cells to take in & use sugar from the bloodstream insulin 500 November 4, 1988